Andrew McCabe, the former acting director of the FBI, says President Trump’s treatment of the bureau and its probe of Russian interference in the 2016 presidential campaign was so disturbing during the spring of 2017 that Justice Department officials discussed contacting Cabinet members to initiate Trump’s removal from office under the 25th Amendment.
That remarkable statement comes from the man who took over when Trump fired FBI Director James Comey in May 2017. But it is only the beginning of McCabe’s revelations about the relationship between the nation’s leading law enforcement agency and the 45th president.
The tension in that relationship is palpable even in the title of McCabe’s memoir, The Threat: How the FBI Protects America in the Age of Terror and Trump. The publication date is Feb. 19, but the most explosive assertions burst into the news Thursday when CBS aired portions of its upcoming interview with McCabe (set to air Sunday on 60 Minutes).
That interview includes specific statements from McCabe regarding the 25th Amendment discussions and confirmation that Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein once speculated about “wearing a wire” to record a conversation with Trump without the president’s knowledge.
Those specific statements from 60 Minutes do not appear in the memoir, but have become the flashpoint for coverage of the book this week. And they fit with the extensive and detailed descriptions McCabe does provide for the crisis atmosphere in the Bureau and the larger Justice Department following Comey’s firing.
McCabe says that he personally took steps to “safeguard” the bureau’s investigation of Russian interference, in case his own head would be the next to roll. He tells of working closely in those first post-Comey days with Rosenstein, who subsequently named Robert Mueller to take over the Russia probe as head of an Office of Special Counsel. (Mueller is himself a former director of the FBI who had been a colleague of Comey and McCabe.)
McCabe has said that Rosenstein in 2017 spoke of “wearing a wire” when meeting with the president, meaning a microphone-transmitter that could record statements that might matter to a future investigation or other legal proceeding. (It should be lost on no student of history that President Richard Nixon was brought down by tape recordings made of Oval Office conversations pertaining to the crimes collectively called Watergate.)
McCabe also said in interview clips aired on Thursday that Justice Department officials discussed which Cabinet officials might be sympathetic to removing the president, using the authority of the 25th Amendment to the Constitution. (That amendment, ratified in 1967, deals with presidential succession and the prospect of presidential incapacity, creating a means for the vice president and others to step in if the president were deemed unfit to serve.)
Rosenstein had denied this version of the events of mid-May 2017 when first reported in The New York Times in Sept. 2018. That Times story relied on unnamed sources. One source who spoke to the Times anonymously said he thought Rosenstein might have been sarcastic in making the remark about wearing a wire.
Rosenstein said on the record then he had no so such recollection, and his office issued a reiteration of that statement Thursday. McCabe is the first person associated with those meetings to confirm publicly the account as reported in the Times.
But his book is about far more than that, as he remained in the acting FBI director post for 10 months and in frequent conflict with the president. Having announced he would retire from the Bureau in March 2018, McCabe was fired the day before he became eligible for full retirement benefits. The official reason for his firing was cited as a “lack of candor.”
An FBI inspector general report had disputed McCabe’s answers to four questions having to do with Clinton and the Clinton Foundation, although it isn’t clear yet whether authorities will ultimately bring criminal charges against him.
President Trump reacted to McCabe’s book and comments in a series of tweets Thursday, saying McCabe had been part of a plot with Comey to exonerate Hillary Clinton for her handling of State Department business on a private email server. (Trump had earlier said he fired Comey for the Clinton email matter, as well, although he also mentioned “the Russia thing” in an interview with Lester Holt of NBC News in 2017.)
Trump’s tweets added fuel to what was already a firestorm of reaction to McCabe’s on-the-record account on Thursday. Sen. Lindsay Graham said he would bring McCabe before the Senate Judiciary Committee, which he chairs, to explain himself. Other allies of the president were similarly dismissive.
But reading through McCabe’s 262-page memoir suggests McCabe’s critics may wish to proceed with caution. Any attempt to make him a pariah or impugn his integrity will need to deal with his extraordinary degree of preparation for what is about to come his way.
Let us take a step back. When a book that is about to be published suddenly becomes the source and subject of a major news story about the president of the U.S., it has two effects on the fortunes of that book — one promotional and one perverse.
The first is obvious. Having every print, broadcast and cable news operation suddenly featuring a first-time author and his story drives advance sales heavenward. But the second, perverse effect may be the more lasting. The nugget of news becomes the focus of all attention paid to author and work, usually to the detriment of both.
We are seeing both effects here. All those who had forgotten McCabe over the past year, or who had avoiding hearing of him in the first place, will now know he has a book “everyone” is talking about. But getting people to read past the initial punch to the presidential nose may be daunting — for fans and detractors alike.
McCabe begins his story with his love for the FBI, and he introduces himself by imagining what his own FD-302 would look like. The code refers to an official report on his own application to join the bureau in 1995, and he has to imagine it because the actual report is kept in FBI files and, he says, unavailable to him.
This “just the facts ma’am” approach gives us a bare-bones outline of McCabe the man, although it does include such vulnerabilities as two possession-of-alcohol citations he received as an underage undergrad at Duke. We are told he “experimented with marijuana” but no other drugs.
Later, after a chapter regarding this abrupt elevation to acting FBI director, McCabe returns to the chronology familiar to readers of memoirs — walking us through the relevant experiences of his early career with the bureau. Having a law degree and having worked as a lawyer, he finds himself investigating possible crimes by Russian oligarchs in the 1990s. Later he recounts how the bureau’s focus shifted after the attacks of Sept. 11, 2001 and how its resources were reallocated to that threat.
But we have had more than a few books on these subjects, and McCabe eventually returns to the threat he clearly wants to alert the nation to now. He is also ready to defend himself against efforts to discredit his work at the Bureau, including the suggestion he conspired to harm the Trump campaign as a Democratic operative.
Trump has made much of McCabe being married to a woman who ran for the state legislature in Virginia years ago as a Democrat. Jill McCabe’s campaign received a contribution from Terry McAuliffe, who was then the state’s Democratic governor. McAuliffe is a longtime friend and associate of Bill and Hillary Clinton.
McCabe would doubtless have uncomfortable moments in a hearing into his performance in office and his handling of all relevant parts of the Russia probe. But such a hearing before a Senate committee with a massive TV audience watching would also be uncomfortable for plenty of others involved.
McCabe’s portrait of the Trump administration, and of the president himself, is as alarming as any we have seen so far — including those of journalists such as Bob Woodward and former staff such as Cliff Sims. Trump appears as an insecure bully who rules by instilling and enforcing fear. McCabe calls Trump “a deliberate liar who will say whatever he pleases to get whatever he wants.”
If McCabe is to be allowed to repeat even a slice of it all before the bright lights of a televised Senate hearing, he will reach an even wider audience than publishing a book -– or even 60 Minutes –- could ever provide.