The ground or the place where the sport of golf is played is called a golf course. On the golf course, you can find a series of holes, a teeing ground, a fairway, the rough and another kind of natural or artificial hazards such as a lake, river, and bunker, etc. is found, a green with a flagstick (pin) and hole (cup). A standard round, of course, consists of 18 holes and some have 9 holes, if there are only 9 holes, on this type of golf course, twice per round is played.
Usually, according to the characteristics and utility of the golf course, it is categorized into various types as mentioned below:
1. Links course – This type of golf course is built on narrow strips of sandy soil which is unsuitable for crops on the coastal areas. It is a completely or largely treeless course. It is the oldest type of golf course in the history of golf and links courses first developed in Scotland, it is easy we can guess because the “Links” word is derived from Scottish English language, which means “rising ground, or ridge” and “Links” refers to an area of sand dunes in the coastal area or coastal strips of land between the beaches and the inland agricultural areas. Links courses are common in Ireland, Great Britain, and especially in Scotland.
2. Parkland course – A well-manicured (well-beautify) golf course with careful landscaping and plenty of green grass and trees, which makes the course look like a park, is usually known as a parkland golf course. The land is more tailored, so fairways are normally smooth. Mostly Parkland golf courses found in America.
3. Desert course – The course which is built in an area with a natural desert is known as a dessert course. Desert courses are found only in the parts of the world with a dry, desert climate. These courses are mostly found in the American southwest and in the Middle East where the desert is common. Sand dunes and other features of the terrain are natural in this type of golf course but grasses are unnatural for the area, therefore much irrigation is required. The grass found only on the tee box, fairways and putting greens on this type of golf course.
4. Executive course – An executive golf course is designed for quick play. It is shorter than a standard golf course. It has a lower par. It can have 9 or 18 holes in length. If it has 18 holes, it is usually no higher than par 65, it is because an executive golf course focuses on holes that can be made within a short time frame. The shorter hole lengths and lesser par lesson the time required to finish. This type of golf course is actually made for the executives who need to get back to the office or are on their way home after a long day at work.
5. Regulation course – It is a nine-hole, or 18-hole golf course and although the majority of the holes on a standard golf course are par-4, it has a variety of par-3, par-4, and par-5 holes. Most of the regulation golf courses are known as championship courses, even if they may never host an official championship. This type, of course, has an excellent playing ground surface. Regulation golf courses are of 18-holes and par-72 courses.
6. Municipal course – These types of golfer that are owned by a city or other municipality are known as municipal courses. “Pay and play” is the main rule of this type of course. You have to pay a pre-determined fee each time when you visit there.
7. Daily-fee course – It is fully open to the public as a municipal course, but it may be owned privately instead of the municipality.
8. Semi-private course – It sells memberships, as well as it allows non-members to book tee times and play. Therefore, it is a combination of country clubs and public golf courses. Usually, a golfer owned by resort or hotels is known as a semi-private course to which guests have access, but non-guests may also be able to pay for a tee time. You have to pay to play each time or you have to purchase a membership in this type of course. You may get unlimited access to tee times if you become a member of this type of golf course.
9. Private course – Country clubs and golf clubs have private golf courses. You have to own membership in the club by paying an initiation fee and annual dues to play on these courses. These fees and membership may grant you unlimited access to the club’s facilities.
Private clubs may allow members to bring guests, but the general public does not have the opportunity to book a tee time. Therefore, there is limited access to golfers, it makes the clubs less crowded than courses that are open to the public.
Private courses often have additional privileges for the members, such as refined dining rooms, highly personal service, social activities, five-star amenities fit for the entire family.